Amphenicols are not frequently detected in aqueous matrices, which is expected considering their high lipid solubility, basic characteristics pk a 7, and low consumption in human and veterinary medicine. By mouth or by injection into a vein, it is used to treat meningitis, plague, cholera, and typhoid fever. Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. Presentation enprema paediatric antibiotic working group.
This presentation has been created with notes below every slide to assist you in incorporating a change management plan of action. Ppt to pdf converter convert your powerpoint to pdf online free. No file size restrictions, no ad watermarks just a free online tool for creating pdfs from your ppt slides. Amphenicols cephalosporins 1st and 2nd generation and cephamycins lincosamides penicillins antistaphylococcal pseudomonic acids riminofenazines steroid antibacterials streptogramins sulfonamides, dihydrofolate reductase inhibitors and combinations sulfones tetracyclines highly important antimicrobials c1 c2 p1 p2 p3 important. Presentations ppt, key, pdf logging in or signing up. Wps pdf tools the best free online pdf converter to. It specifically establishes a statistic about usage of veterinary antimicrobials for the purpose of monitoring. Elbendary mechanism of action of amphenicols amphenicols inhibit protein synthesis. This study therefore assessed the patterns of antibiotic use over a decade and analyzed the impact of different modes of guideline development and dissemination on inpatient antibiotic. Save powerpoint presentations as pdf files office support. The term antimicrobial resistance or amr is used to describe microorganisms that have developed the ability to resist the effect of antibiotics that have been in use. Time lag between an antibiotic being introduced to clinical use and the first appearance of resistance one of the current challenges in addressing amr is the lack of development of new antibiotics. Download your new pdf and save it to your computer.
They were replaced by tcas and others whose clinical efficacies were better and whose clinical side effects were less than maoi. Other antibiotics, such as the amphenicols, also have similar effects on the mitochondria. Bacteria that cause bacterial infections and disease are called pathogenic bacteria. The global consumption of antibiotics in human and animal production is estimated between 1. Keep vision in your future 1 speakers guide title page slide speakers text this presentation provides information about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of glaucoma. Ppt amphenicols powerpoint presentation, free download. Unfortunately, inserting pdf content is not possible when editing a presentation in powerpoint for the web. Antibiotic classification and general information tokue. Instantly convert text documents, presentations, spreadsheets and images to pdf format with this free online pdf converter. Ministry of animal resources general directorate of animal. Protein synthesis inhibiting antibiotics primarily target the bacterial ribosome 70s which is made up of a small, 30s subunit and a large, 50s subunit. Strengthening capacities, policies and national action plans on prudent and responsible use of antimicrobials in fisheries workshop 2 in cooperation with malaysia department of fisheries and infofish. The free calm powerpoint templates in this section provide powerpoint slides which reveal the most calming images. Introduction antibiotic pressure contributes to rising antibiotic resistance.
They bind to 50 s rrna and inhibit formation of peptide bond. Download as ppt, pdf, txt or read online from scribd. Nfsb and other nitroreductase enzymes are the targets of the 5nitro class of. Make ppt and pptx slideshows easy to view by converting them to pdf.
Ppt amphenicols powerpoint presentation, free download id. Urban wastewater treatment plants uwtps are among the most important receptors and sources of environmental ar. A fluorine atom at position 6 on the quinolone carboxylic acid nucleus enhances the efficacy of these compounds against gramnegative pathogens and broadens the spectrum of activity against grampositive pathogens. Macrolide antibiotics do so by binding reversibly to the p site on the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome. Macrolide antibiotics medical university of south carolina. Provide the non medical mental health clinician the necessary background in neuroanatomy and neurophysiology to be able to understand psychopharmacology. A basic descriptive presentation on cgmp, particularly kept ion mind regarding b. Ppt dedicated freight corridor powerpoint presentation. The attending physician suspects mycoplasma pneumonia and wishes to treat the patient with erythromycin. Within several years of the introduction of antibiotics in the 1930s and 40s, some bacteria developed mechanisms to combat the antibiotics in use. Its not about commanding that they perform a behavior, its about getting them thinking. Introduction this lesson consist of a powerpoint lesson and this facilitators guide. Follow these instructions to set the print quality of the pdf. To keep a pdf file as a support document for your presentation insert the entire pdf into the presentation as an object that you can open and view during your presentation.
Animal drug residues in food food toxicology instructor. Command post of the future cpof enables warfighters to visualize the battlefield and plan the mission through a dynamic view of critical resources and events. Use of quinolones in food animals and potential impact on human health 1. Fzx, a 41 year old white female, is seen in the outpatient department for complaints of low grade fever, cough, and mild respiratory distress. Manufacture of and control of dosage form by rakesh. Amphenicol and tetracycline antibiotics on raptor c18 by. Drug serum level required to be monitored to assess the toxicity of the drug. Use soda pdfs online converter tool and convert powerpoint to pdf for free. In the powerpoint preferences dialog box, click general. Chloramphenicol spectrum of bacterial susceptibility and resistance pdf. World health organization emerging and other communicable diseases, surveillance and control this document has been downloaded from the whoemc web site. A practical approach to design, implementation and management, 5th edition download chapter 1 slides applicationzip 0. Dmdc provides secure services and solutions to support the departments mission, and is.
We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us. Generalized multiprotocol label switching gmpls definition and overview the premise of multiprotocol label switching mpls i s to speed up packet forwarding and provide for traffic engineering in internet protocol ip networks. Data on antibiotic use are not publicly available in most european union countries. The 5nitroimidazoles are a group of drugs that have both antiprotozoal and antibacterial activity. Convertor online gratuit pentru a converti powerpoint in pdf. They actively want to take part and figure out what they need to do. Introductoin republic of sudan is a country in northern africa. Nitrogen atoms at positions 1 and 8 produce naphthyridine carboxylic acids e. It is bordered by egypt to the north, the red sea, eritrea and ethiopia to the east, south sudan to the south, the central african republic to the southwest, chad to the west and. These generalpurpose powerpoint templates can be used for a variety of topics, ranging from nature, conservation, mother nature to topics about family, relationship, childcare and the like.
Aminoglycosides are thought to work by inhibiting protein synthesis inside bacteria. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. The attending physician suspects mycoplasma pneumonia and wishes to treat the patient with. The prevalence of amphenicol resistance in escherichia coli. If so, share your ppt presentation slides online with. Teasdale was professor and head of the department of neurosurgery, university of glasgow 1981 to 2003.
Who list of critically important antimicrobials for human. Nitroimidazoles pharmacology merck veterinary manual. Understand the major classes of drugs used in food animals. Ms tan poh hong chief executive officer mr lee kwong weng. The wg will consider trial design for neonates, infants, children and adolescents the wg will focus only on antibiotics ab, but will consider available guidance on all antimicrobial ct design the role of the wg is advisory to elicit and summarise views from a range of key stakeholders the wg will have representation from the paediatric committee pdco, chmp idwp, relevant. From erythromycin to azithromycin and new potential ribosome. List of quinolones and fluoroquinolone drugs a resource. They cause diseases and infections when they get into the body and begin to reproduce and crowd out healthy bacteria or to grow into tissues that are normally sterile. Convert and create pdf from various types of files like word doc, excel xls, powerpoint ppt. Oct 07, 2011 since using brain training for dogs my dogs are more excited to learn. Glyphosate effects on diseases of plants symposium. The worldwide increase the use of antibiotics as an important part of poultry production industry to treat and save from infectious bacterial diseases and as growth performance increases at subtherapeutic levels in poultry feed has caused the problem of the development of bacterial antibiotic resistance.
This includes use as an eye ointment to treat conjunctivitis. It is not active against facultative anaerobes, obligate aerobes, or microaerophilic bacteria other than campylobacter fetus. Aminoglycosides warnings, precautions, side effects. The impact of policy guidelines on hospital antibiotic use. Under print quality paper pdf, set the desired quality to an option of your choice. This is an overview of dmdc, dods human resource information source. The antibacterial activity results clearly showed that this study should use finibax, which showed its effect at a low concentration and had a large peak wavelength. They were among the first to be introduced clinically as ads. Ppt glyphosate effects on powerpoint presentation free to. L22animal drug residues in food university of idaho.
Using antibiotics that impair mitochondrial translation can induce a mitonuclear protein imbalance and lead to the mitochondrial unfolded protein response upr mt pathway. Explore the relationships between food animals and drugs. To cure infectious diseases, researchers discovered antibacterial agents, which are considered to be the most promising chemotherapeutic agents. Chloramphenicol is a broad spectrum antibiotic introduced into clinical practice in 1948, but which was subsequently shown to cause serious and fatal aplastic anemia and is now used rarely and reserved for severe, lifethreatening infections for which other antibiotics are not available. There are thousands of quinolones and related drugs, often with different generic names for the same drug, so be aware of the drugs that you are taking and look them up yourself if you have experienced toxicity from these drugs. Nitroimidazoles with activity against trichomonads and amebae include metronidazole, tinidazole, nimorazole, flunidazole, and ronidazole. This is not a complete list of quinolones and fluoroquinolones that have been in existence. Antiinfective chemotherapy is the science of administering chemical agents to treat infectious diseases. Select the target conversion format, then upload up to 20 documents of supported input formats. On the basis of the consistent observation of an increasing northtosouth clinical ar prevalence in europe, this study. This practice has proven to be one of the most successful of all pharmaceutical studies 1. Psychopharmacology for the nonmedical mental health clinician online credits. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in. When the conversion is done, your ppt, pptx, and pdf files will be automatically deleted.
The pale blue advanced slides present research that supports the recommendations in the global handbook and the training resource package and can be included or excluded by the facilitator as appropriate. A ribosome is an essential, complex molecule made up of proteins and rna and is responsible for synthesizing. Mechanism of action of amphenicols amphenicols inhibit protein synthesis. Macrolides are actively concentrated within leukocytes, and thus are transported into the site of infection.
The discovery of azithromycin from the class of macrolides, as one of the most important new drugs of the 20th century, is presented as an example of a rational medicinal chemistry approach to drug design, applying classical structureactivity relationship that will. Dedicated freight corridor is the property of its rightful owner. A variety of antimicrobial types are used in livestock production. This chapter is focused on the application of bioassays, biochemical assays, and biosensors for the analysis of pharmaceuticals in the environment, in addition to the usual chromatographic methodologies coupled to mass spectrometry detectors. Aminoglycosides are very powerful antibiotics, and their side effects can be severe especially when taken by mouth or iv.
Antibiotic use in pregnancy free download as powerpoint presentation. Powerpoint to pdf convert your ppt to pdf for free online zamzar. Wps pdf tools is one best free online pdf converter for you to easily convert pdf to word, spreadsheet, presentation or image files. Australian one health antimicrobial resistance colloquium. The shared antibiotic resistome of soil bacteria and human. Variation in antibiotic use in the european union the lancet. Proposed oie collaborating centre for food safety dr chua tze hoong email. You can also use it to create pdf from types of files like word doc, excel xls, powerpoint ppt. Stsa life without ctab april 26, 2004 by ricky magee columbian chemicals company outline introduction theory results comparison with ctab surface area surface chemistry effects new developments conclusions introduction importance of surface area traditional surface area techniques timeline of stsa at astm importance of surface area surface area is one of the most important characteristics. Policy guidelines encourage rational prescribing behavior, but effectiveness in containing antibiotic use needs further assessment. Chloramphenicol intro an antibiotic produced by streptomyces venezuelae, an organism first isolated in 1947 from a soil sample collected in venezuela. Kill rates of bacteria are increased when higher concentrations of aminoglycosides are present.
Manufacture of and control of dosage form by rakesh authorstream. While knowledge of resistance mechanisms, their impact and distribution is vast, over the years, the topic. Antimicrobial use data collection and report to oie nigeria. Transformare powerpoint in pdf 100% gratuit pdf24 tools.
What were the main factors in the design of the scale. Dmdc provides secure services and solutions to support the departments mission, and is recognized as a world leader in identity management. Metronidazole has been used for many years in therapeutic management of trichomoniasis, giardiasis, and amebiasis. History shows that the discovery of, and the resistance to, antibiotics go hand in hand.
Pdf converter is a online webbased document to pdf converter software. Who report on surveillance world health organization. Amphenicol and tetracycline antibiotics on raptor c18 by lc. Insert pdf file content into a powerpoint presentation. Integrated antibiotic resistance ar surveillance is one of the objectives of the world health organization global action plan on antimicrobial resistance. To print chromatograms full page, change the print settings in the print dialogue window of your pdf reader software. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Of the three amphenicols, only the reaction containing chloramphenicol showed evidence of enzymatic activity, demonstrating classic michaelismenten kinetics figure 6a.
To accomplish this, the connectionless operation of ip networks becomes more. Mineral nutrition and disease problems in modern agriculture. Threats to sustainability o o a free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Many businesses and students that have to present something will almost always do their presentation using microsoft powerpoint. Soil microbiota represent one of the ancient evolutionary origins of antibiotic resistance and have been proposed as a reservoir of resistance genes available for exchange with clinical pathogens. The food and drug administration fda has issued blackbox warnings. Antibiotic resistance in european wastewater treatment. Gebruik vanaf 1990 in 2008 the four main livestock sectors dairy, veal, pork and poultry sign an agreement for a voluntary reduction of antibiotic use fidin dutch veterinary farmaceutical association reports a reduction of. Although chloramphenicol is the main representative antibiotic of this class, it was banned for use in foodproducing animals in the eu. Ppt to pdf convert powerpoint to pdf online for free. In different parts of china, the rate of resistance to amphenicols among e. Ecological effects of antibiotics on natural ecosystems. From erythromycin to azithromycin and new potential. Application of bioassaysbiosensors for the analysis of.1373 588 41 1423 1334 1339 302 185 1231 33 820 247 1383 64 1440 1485 1041 840 484 1601 1643 18 1534 1230 719 793 632 1070 553 574 578 1033 74 1167 928 208 1271 264 667 1177 444 1273 41 392 934 764 430