Inductions of reproduction and population growth in the generalist predator cyrtorhinus lividipennis hemiptera. Among the mortality factors for nymphs, predation by spiders seems to be of great importance, although few quantitative data have so far been obtained on the actual rate. Impacts of transgenic cry1ab rice on nontarget planthoppers. When given 30 eggs of nilaparvata lugens stal daily, males and females of cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter took 10. However, little practical effectiveness has been demonstrated in the field. Role of honey and sucrose as kairomones to the predatory mirid bug, cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter. Concepts of biology is designed for the introductory biology course for nonmajors taught at most two and fouryear colleges. Browse the worlds largest ebookstore and start reading today on the web, tablet, phone, or ereader.
Distribution and habitat of the chain dogfish, scyliorhinmus retifer, in the midatlantic bight. Greenhouse and field experiments were carried out in india to investigate the biology and potential for use in biological control of the predacious mirid cyrtorhinus lividipennis reut. Population parameters of cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter heteroptera. This book is the perfect amount of content for an introductory, nonmajors biology.
These biology books are designed to allow students and all biology enthusiasts to gain insights into subjects such as kinetics, cancer biology or clinical. Changes in searching responses with temperature of. Ecology of the brown planthopper in temperate regions. The biology, nymphal stages, and life habits of the endemic dune cricket schizodactylus inexpectatus werner, 1901 orthoptera. In most insects, the odorantbinding proteins obps and the chemosensory proteins. Juvenile hormonemediated reproduction induced by a sublethal concentration of imidacloprid in cyrtorhinus lividipennis hemiptera. Ty jour ti revision of sharks of genus isurus with description of a new species galeoidea, lamnidae t2 proceedings of the united states national museum. The results indicate that blue 455458 nm and green 515518 nm led lights were more attractive to s.
Reptilia endemic to southeastern africa annals of carnegie museum donald g broadley on. Miridaea case study of the compatibility of bt rice with biological control. Biology and ecology of the silky shark 115 silky sharks get their common name from the distinctive smooth texture of their skin, which is covered with very ne and minute dermal denticles, making. Evolution, developmental expression and function of. The results ofpredation rates of the predator on variousvarieties and plants treated with differentlevels of nitrogen were consistent with that ofits olfactory response in 5 of the 6 casesevaluated, which showed that rice volatilesplayed an important role in the foragingbehaviour of c. The green mirid bug cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter is a member of the family miridae. Details revision of sharks of genus isurus with description.
Using a simple mechanistic model, we demonstrate that differences in the relative performances of predator and prey can cause strong threshold effects in the temperature dependence of attack rates. Free biology 2e textbook available for download openstax. Observations on some aspects of the biology of cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter heteroptera. The temperature dependence of predation rates is a key issue for understanding and predicting the responses of ecosystems to climate change. An unusual species of spoonwing lacewing, palmipenna aeoleoptera sp.
The eggs are translucent white with an operculum and laid inside the plant tissue. Miridaea case study of the compatibility of bt rice with biological control mao chen a,1. Biology of sharks and their relatives crc press book. Role of cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter hemiptera, miridae.
Miridae reared on eggs of natural and factitious prey. If you are generating a pdf of a journal article or book chapter, please feel free. Thesis agriculture books, references, online library. Caribbean datums and the integration of geographical data. It offers a fun and interesting introduction to many topics having to do with astronomy and familiarizes. Introduction to check the growth and population of various pests, nature has provided predators. The biology of cyrtorhinus lividipennis was studied on its natural prey, peregrinus maidis, and a factitious prey, ceratitis capitata. Artificial diets on reduviids behaviour and biology 147 7. We would like to thank professor renxin huang for insect identification. Free books biology pdf epub kindle one more library. The chemosensory genes in the mirid antennae play important.
The mirid predator cyrtorhinus lividipennis was observed in the laboratory for eclosion, molting, mating, and egg deposition behavior. Both the nymph and adult stages are important predators of hopper eggs. This abundant and active predator is commonly found on. Wolbachia infection complexity among insects in the. This category has the following subcategories, out of total. Pdf effects of prey number and stage on the biology of. An unusual species of spoonwing lacewing neuroptera. Biology of bats of the new world family phyllostomatidae by.
Samiyappan department of agricultural entomology, centre for plant protection studies, tamil nadu agricultural university, coimbatore 641 003, tamil nadu, india this article has been withdrawn at the request. Although obvious interactions between wavelength and light intensity, days after emergence. May 23, 2012 cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter or plant bug is a predator of both the eggs and nymphs of the brown planthopper, nilaparvata lugens stal. Biology and predation of the mirid bug, cyrtorhinus. The functional response of cyrtorhinus lividipennis feeding on brown planthopper bph and green leafhopper glh eggs was found to be hollings type ii. Miridae exposed to sublethal concentrations of insecticides. Grasslands comprise more than a quarter of the earths land surface. The establishment of the rearing method not only provides a complete system for observing the biology of this beetle, but also the possibility for investigating these changes using molecular techniques. Adw doesnt cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Distribution, variation, and systematic status of zygaspis. Otake 1976b indicated that the natural enemies of planthoppers on rice have been much. V jhansi lakshmi, pasalu, i c and krishnaiah, k 2007. Charles o handley, ochoa g jose 1998 new species of mammals from northern south america. Observations on some aspects of the biology of cyrtorhinus.
Lanka, including morphcmetrics, longevity and fecundity. This paper reports the influence of various plant species on the. Free books of biology in english, pdf, epub, mobi, fb2, azw3, kindle. Biological control of agricultural pests biological control involves the action of beneficial organisms to keep pests in check. In addition to supporting a wide range of vertebrates such as domestic livestock and a variety of games species, grassland is the natural habitat for a wide range of invertebrate species, and this book considers those which occur in grassland and their impact on soil fertility and herbage growth. Juvenile hormonemediated reproduction induced by a. Many studies have been devoted to the conservation of the mirid bug or improvement of its efficacy as a biocontrol agent. Review evolution, developmental expression and function of odorant receptors in insects hua yan1,2, shadi jafari3,4, gregory pask5, xiaofan zhou6, danny reinberg7 and claude desplan4, abstract animals rely on their chemosensory system to discriminate among a. The chemosensory genes in the mirid antennae play important roles in mating and preyseeking behaviors. Biology 2e is designed to cover the scope and sequence requirements.
Widely discordant host and wolbachia phylogenies indicate that horizontal transmission of these bacteria among species sometimes occurs. Kairomonal activity of insect body extracts of rice planthoppers and leafhopper on. Inductions of reproduction and population growth in the. Selection of nectar plants for use in ecological engineering to promote biological control of rice pests by the predatory bug, cyrtorhinus lividipennis, heteroptera. The illustrated encyclopedia of animal life complete 16. The random predator equation fitted the data satisfactorily. Population parameters of cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter.
Temperature dependence of predation depends on the. Cambridge university press 9781107619500 cambridge advanced learners dictionary software developed by idm excerpt more information. Biology 109 biology 111 marine biology biology 200 human ecology. Chen yang, lai fengxiang, sun yanqun, hong liying, tian junce, zhang zhitao, fu qiang.
This study was conducted at simsim national rainfed agricultural development center, on the bionomic of the sesame seed bug elasmolomus sordidus f. Wolbachia are a group of intracellular bacteria that cause reproductive alterations in their arthropod hosts. The latest open access articles published in journal of asiapacific entomology. The animal diversity web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. Growth and life history variability of the grey reef shark. There was, however, no evidence of switching and the ratio of the.
The brown planthopper, nilaparvata lugens stal homoptera, delphacidae become a serious pest in tropical asia in the 1970s. Study biology online for free by downloading openstaxs college biology 2e book and using our accompanying online resources including a biology study guide. However the importation and release of any foreign organism. There are huge changes from egg to larva to pupa and the mature adult. Free concepts of biology book available for download openstax.
Predation of cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter on eggs of. State key laboratory of rice biology, china national rice research institute, hangzhou 36, p. Impacts of transgenic cry1ab rice on nontarget planthoppers and their main predator cyrtorhinus lividipennis hemiptera. Miridae, preys on the eggs and nymphs of planthoppers and leafhoppers and has a pivotal role in the integrated management of rice pests lou and cheng, 2003. The predator could not survive long on rice plants but completed its lifecycle on eggs and early nymphal stages of nilaparvata lugens stal, sogatella furcifera horv. Jia20140982cry1ab rice does not impact biological characters and functional response of cyrtorhinus lividipennis preying on nilaparvata lugens eggs. This project has contributed to the ecologically sustainable management of mangrove jack in australia by providing comprehensive information on its biology, habitat requirements, population parameters and stock structure. The nymphs, through peristalsis movement of the body, pushed the operculum outward. Broadscale changes in the arctic ecosystem as a consequence of climate change have led to increased attention on trophic dynamics and the role of potential apex predators such as s. Hirsutella strigosa occurred on the cicadellid nephotettix virescens, and h. This page was last edited on 7 october 2019, at 03. Effect of insecticide on the population dynamics of brown. Chain catshark bibliography reefquest centre for shark research.
In this paper, we investigate the effect of insecticide on the population dynamics of brown planthoppers a major insect pest of rice and cyrtorhinus lividipennis one of the natural enemies of brown planthoppers by developing an impulsive mathematical model, and we analyze the model theoretically and numerically. Cyrtorhinus is a genus of plant bugs in the family miridae. Identification of candidate odorantbinding protein and. There was, however, no evidence of switching and the ratio of the respective.
The biology, nymphal stages, and life habits of the endemic. The illustrated encyclopedia of animal life complete 16 volume set mammals birds amphibians reptiles fishes invertebrates insects index. A likely means of horizontal transfer is through the feeding relations of organisms within communities. Cyrtorhinus lividipennis feeding on both eggs and nymphs of hoppers katti et al. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise cambridge core to connect with your account. The mirid bug, cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter hemiptera. A separate study with a wider range of plant species and varying densities of prey eggs showed that s. Caribbean journal of earth science, volume 44 in memory of the late dr. Cry1ab rice does not impact biological characters and functional response of cyrtorhinus lividipennis preying on nilaparvata lugens eggs. This small species is similar to its three congeners in general body morphology and genitalic features. Biology of the greenland shark somniosus microcephalus. Host status of scifresh apples to the invasive fruit fly species bactrocera dorsalis, zeugodacus cucurbitae, and ceratitis capitata diptera. Risk assessment of insecticides used in rice on miridbug. Identification and expression analysis of putative.
New species of mammals from northern south america. Ecological engineering for pest management involves the identification of optimal forms of botanical diversity to incorporate into a farming system to suppress pests, by promoting their natural enemies. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. The conditions on the parameters of the model for which the stability. It is widely distributed in south and southeast asia, australia only in tropical areas, oceania and some pacific islands cie, 1984. Whilst this approach has been extensively researched in many temperate crop systems, much less has been done for rice.
Jan 01, 2014 laboratory of biology and insect rearing lbir, department of crop protection, college of agriculture and veterinary sciences at the sao paulo state university, jaboticabal 14884900, sao paulo, brazil. Biology and predation of the mirid bug, cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter on plant and leafhoppers in rice. Research on phototaxis in sogatella furcifera and its. Effect of egg rearing temperature and storage time on the. The book considers the effect of global changes on the. Rogers 1972 random predator equations were fitted to the data for each temperature separately. The most downloaded articles from journal of asiapacific entomology in the last 90 days. Study biology online free by downloading openstaxs concepts of biology book and using our accompanying online resources including a biology study guide. Distribution, variation, and systematic status of zygaspis violacea peters amphisbaenia. This paper reports the influence of various plant species on the performance of a key natural enemy of rice planthopper pests, the predatory mirid bug, cyrtorhinus lividipennis.
Miridae is an important egg predator of planthoppers which are destructive rice pests. Schizodactylidae were investigated in this study carried out between 2000 and 2007 in the cukurova delta adana. Selection of nectar plants for use in ecological engineering. Impact assessment of certain insecticides used in rice on green miridbug, cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter hemiptera. Sep 25, 2014 all flower treatments resulted in increased consumption of brown plant hopper, nilaparvata lugens, and for female c. Biology, management and genetic stock structure of mangrove. Greenland shark somniosus microcephalus is a potentially important yet poorly studied coldwater species inhabiting the north atlantic and arctic oceans.
Cyrtorhinus lividipennis is partly plantfeeding and also predaceous on the eggs and nymphs of rice planthoppers and leafhoppers, particularly the brown planthopper, nilaparvata lugens. Cyrtorhinus lividipennis is known to rely largely on herbivoreinduced plant volatiles to identify eggs embedded in rice stem tissues for feeding and on pheromones for mating. The functional response ofcyrtorhinus lividipennis feeding on brown planthopper bph and green leafhopper glh eggs was found to be hollings type ii. The biology and ecology of the silky shark, carcharhinus. Issn 23485914 functional response of the predators mirid. Recent collections of hirsutella from insects in the philippines are discussed. Research article growth and life history variability of the grey reef shark carcharhinus amblyrhynchosacross its range darcy bradley1, eric conklin2, yannis p. Role of cyrtorhinus lividipennis reuter hemiptera, miridae as a major predator of brown planthopper nilaparvata lugens stal homoptera, delphacidae 1989 manti, i.1546 1028 1579 1214 427 1684 1312 532 1416 17 509 748 447 1546 804 1383 215 1106 838 1049 1354 205 1642 632 971 1253 750 670 1327 716 1369 701